), but, unlike most other peoples, the Chinese people have an ancient tradition of grouping things into not only 3s, but 4s, 5s, 8s, etc. rites were the emperor, his bureaucracy, and other degree-holders. Of course today, most references to the emperors of the post-Qin period make do with the shortened "Di" suffix, even though in older texts, one sees the longer "Huangdi" suffix. The emperor needed to express his commitment to the ideas that were behind these rituals, and so it was that every Chinese emperor worshipped Heaven and Earth at the Temple of Heaven and also at the sacred Mount Tai. When the emperor worshipped at the Temple of Heaven, he worshipped through a ritual called the “three prostrations and nine kowtows.” The emperor would be commanded by a high-ranking bureaucrat to prostrate himself, which he would do. The emperor needed to express his commitment to the ideas that were behind these rituals, and so it was that every Chinese emperor worshipped Heaven and Earth at the Temple of Heaven and also at the sacred Mount Tai. At the same time, King Zheng, whose clan name was Zhao and whose ancestral name was Ying (in ancient China, one's "family" name was composed of clan and ancestral elements, while one's given name generally corresponded to the name of the Lunar month in which one was born, though one might be given a more colorful, descriptive name, figuratively speaking – think of the highly descriptive names of, for example, American Indian warrior chiefs such as Sitting Bull, Little Raven, Standing Bear, etc. ), while during the reign of the ruling emperor, references to the deceased previous emperor were as Daxing Huangdi ("the late emperor", literally: "the emperor of the great journey" [大行皇帝]... alas, for an emperor, there was work to do even in death!). Our local experts are always ready to create a hassle-free tour for you. For example, the fur of a black fox and the color yellow were reserved for high level officials and members of the imperial family in the Qing dynasty. The assumption of China as the Middle Kingdom belongs to all of Chinese tradition but never posed much of a problem for China until Westerners arrived in China in large numbers, after the Portuguese – the astute navigators, shipbuilders, sailors and merchants that they were – arrived in China by sea. The Chinese people also knew of the phenomenon of female regents, though there was only one lawful regent, Empress Wu of the Tang (CE 618-907) Dynasty (Empress Wu's reign represents a brief interlude in the Tang Dynasty in the sense that she simply created her own dynasty, the Wu-Zhou (CE 690-705) Dynasty... after her death, the Wu-Zhou Dynasty disappeared – the crack in the Tang Dynasty was papered over (Empress Wu's son, Zhongzong, was crowned emperor following Empress Wu, and he promptly repudiated his mother's dynasty) and the previous Tang Dynasty resumed as if nothing untoward had happened!
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