detroit river facts

Bald Eagle. By comparison, London shipped 18,727,230 tons (16 billion kg), and New York shipped 20,390,953 tons (18 billion kg).[3]. Large numbers of lake whitefish, sturgeon, silver bass, black bass, salmon, perch, and walleye are again thriving in the river.[22]. French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac sailed up the Detroit River on July 23, 1701. Ornithological Summary. This breathtaking feature offers the RiverWalk Café for guests to fuel up for an enjoyable walk, run, bike ride or just to relax. [13][18], Anchors from the SS Greater Detroit, a luxury steamship that toured the Detroit River from 1924-1950, and the famed SS Edmund Fitzgerald, a lake freighter that sank in a terrible 1975 storm, have notably both been recovered from the river. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Unbeknownst to most people though, the river is actually full of history! Disturbance of the waterfowl flocks during late fall and winter (and nesting Common Terns) are potentially problematic for these species. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. Urban runoff has been a big problem in Detroit, as 7.8 billion to 18.2 billion gallons of rainwater run off the land instead of being absorbed by it each year, but local efforts to make the city green, such as green roof construction and promoting urban farming, are helping reduce pollutants entering the water supply. The Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge is doing a great variety of wildlife conservation work, fish restoration and environmental education. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The exact location for this crossing is the most debated element, as it could negatively affect a large number of environmental features and communities along the river. The Detroit River flows west and south for 24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi) from Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie as a strait in the Great Lakes system. On September 11, 1997, the Detroit River was named as one of 14 American Heritage Rivers by President Bill Clinton. Detroit, as the largest city bordering Canada, where alcohol remained legal during Prohibition, became the center of a new industry known as rum-running, smuggling liquor into the US. It forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. Sort out the facts and discover where some of the longest, shortest, and hottest bodies of water lie. In the early 21st century, the river today has a wide variety of economic and recreational uses. Extremely varied usage of this site. The Detroit River flows west and south for 24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi) from Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie as a strait in the Great Lakes system. The same year, bird watching, photography, and other non-consumptive uses of waterfowl contributed another $192.8 million to Michigan’s economy. Its shores contain a variety of cultural landscapes, from the wealthy Detroit suburbs of Grosse Pointe and Grosse Pointe Shores to the heavy manufacturing areas of South Detroit and Trenton. Where will you find a polynya? The city of Detroit, Michigan lies on the Detroit River, which runs 28 miles from Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie. [3] It is an important transportation route connecting Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Superior to the St. Lawrence Seaway and Erie Canal. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. It is 24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi) long. The Iroquois traded furs with the Dutch colonists at New Amsterdam by traveling through the Detroit River. Mountain Meadow Restoration in California, Pharmaceuticals & Personal Care Products in Our Water, Integrated Water Management Resource Center, number of animals have returned to the Detroit River. [3][15][16], Because of the booming businesses and long history of Metro Detroit and Windsor, Ontario, the Detroit River has been the site of many artifacts, some lost with sunken ships and others abandoned, such as murder weapons or stolen bronze statues. Early winter surveys have recorded high counts of 79,300 Canvasbacks (i.e. The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel was formally dedicated on Saturday, November 1, 1930. The watershed basin for the Detroit River is approximately 1,800 km2 (700 sq mi). The last was found in 2011 near the Cobo Center. We protect birds and the places they need. At the beginning of the 20th century, the automotive industry boomed, and the many manufacturers imported abundant supplies of iron ore, sand, limestone and wood. In the early 1900s, Detroit became one of the largest cities in the United States, and the Detroit River played a major role. [19][20], Since the 1980s, divers have recovered a total of six 1700s-era cannons from the river. According to a 2004 study, 150,000 jobs and $13 billion in annual production depend on the river crossings connecting Detroit to Windsor. The Detroit River provides substantial revenue for the local economies. [17] The artifacts recovered are well preserved due to the river's fresh water but low visibility makes them difficult to find. It is estimated walleye fishing alone brings in $1 million to the economy of communities along the lower Detroit River each spring. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Nolan, Jenny, "How the Detroit River shaped lives and history" (February 11, 1997), Greater Essex County District School Board, Windsor-Essex Catholic District School Board, Windsor–Detroit International Freedom Festival, Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 06:19. [1] By definition, this classifies it as both a river and a strait — a strait being a narrow passageway connecting two large bodies of water,[6] which is how the river earned its name from early French settlers. The 6,000-pound anchor of the SS Greater Detroit was raised in November 2016. Following the Patriot War, in which British regulars and Michigan militia nearly came to armed conflict on the ice-covered Detroit River, the United States built Fort Wayne at Detroit to counter Britain's riverside Fort Malden at Amherstburg across the river. In 1907, the Detroit River carried 67,292,504 tons (61 billion kg) of shipping commerce through Detroit to markets all over the world. Detroit is set on the Detroit River; the metropolitan area includes the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, and the west end of Lake Erie. There has been excessive water pollution of the river from the long-term, unregulated dumping of chemicals, industrial waste, garbage, and sewage. The river connects Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie. Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. The earliest use of the river for these economic activities was the shipping of furs for trade as early as the 17th century. It begins with an east-to-west flow from Lake St. Clair, but curves and runs north to south. What Biden's Presidential Win Means for Birds and the Environment, An Indigenous Effort to Return Condors to the Pacific Northwest Nears Its Goal, Audubon to Election Officials and Courts: Count Every Vote. No bridges connected Ontario, Canada and Michigan, US, until the Ambassador Bridge was finished in 1929 and the Detroit–Windsor Tunnel in 1930. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. Who knew? These threats are still problematic and will require continued attention. Heavy traffic and the … In Michigan, there are two bridges connecting the mainland to Grosse Ile and the MacArthur Bridge, popularly known as the "Belle Isle Bridge," that connects the City of Detroit to Belle Isle Park. The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. The largest islands in the river are Belle Isle (a city park of Detroit) and Grosse Ile (a residential area with an airport), both in Michigan, and Fighting Island in Ontario.

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