length of ganga river in bihar

Embankments for flood control have been constructed as a joint venture of India and Nepal. The Ganga originates as Bhagirathi from the Gangotri glacier in Uttar Kashi District of Uttaranchal at an elevation of 7,010 m. Alaknanda joins it at Devaprayag. Image Guidelines 5. Its drainage area is 46,300 sq km out of which 7,620 sq kms, is in India. The Kosi flows for a distance of 730 km in India and joins the Ganga near Kursela. The Ganges (also known as Ganga or Gonga), is the biggest river in the Indian subcontinent in terms of water flow. Majority of them originate in the Himalayan ranges but some of them have their sources in the Peninsular plateau. They unite at Triveni north of the Mahabharata Range to form the Kosi. From here, the river bed is sandy and sudden bends start occurring in the stream. Flowing over a wide sandy expanse, this river crosses Gorakhpur, Deoria, Azamgarh and Balia districts of Uttar Pradesh as a divided stream. It has several feeders in the high ranges and forms the boundary between Nepal and Kumaon for most of its transit across the mountains. The Son River springs from the Amarkantak Plateau, not far from the origin of the Narmada, at an elevation of about 600 m. After flowing for some distance to the north, it meets the Kaimur Range which turns its course to the north-east. Its length is 610 km and its drainage area is 12,200 sq km. Still more important tributaries of the Ganga originate in the Himalayas and join it on its left bank. The delta is made of a web of distributaries and islands and is covered by dense forests called the Sunderbans. It is known as the Karnaili in Western Nepal. Copyright 10. Its main affluent in the upper reaches is the Tons which also rises from the Bandarpunch glacier at an altitude of 3,900 m and joins Yamuna below Kalsi before the latter leaves the hills. These states are Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh (34.2%), Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh (23.1%), Bihar and Jharkhand (16.7%), Rajasthan (13.0%), West Bengal (8.3%), Haryana (4.0%) and Himachal Pradesh (0.5%). It has a total length of 590 km and a catchment area of 45,580 sq km. It bifurcates itself into Bhagirathi-Hugli in West Bengal and Padma-Meghna in Bangladesh. After cutting across the Nag Tibba, the Mussoorie and the Shiwalik ranges it emerges out of the hilly area and enters plains near Tajewala. It originates in the southern part of the Aravali Range, and takes a north-eastern course to join the Chambal near Sawai Madhopur. The total length of the Ganga River from its source to its mouth (measured along the Hugli) is 2525 km, of which 310 km in Uttaranchal, 1,140 km in Uttar Pradesh, 445 km in Bihar and 520 km in West Bengal. The Union Territory of Delhi accounts for 0.2% of the total area of the Ganga Basin. In terms of the catchment area, the other three major rivers are Kosi (74,030km 2 ), Sone (70,228 km 2 ) and Gandak river (40553 km 2 ). b) 445 kms. The Ganga river system consists of the master river Ganga and a large number of its tributaries. Seven streams mingle with each other to form three streams named the Tumar, Arun and Sun Kosi. The total length of the river is 1,050 km. Image Courtesy : ingpeaceproject.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/12RiverGangaVaranasi2pics.jpg. Below Kota, it turns to north-east and after reaching Pinahat, it turns to the east and runs nearly parallel to the Yamuna before joining it in Etawah district of Uttar Pradesh. The Bur hi Gandak originates from the western slopes of Sumesar hills near the India-Nepal border and flows in south-east direction. In order to tame this river, a barrage was constructed in 1965 near Hanuman Nagar in Nepal. The important tributaries of the Son are the Johilla, the Gopat, the Rihand, the Kanhar and the North Koel. It joins the Ganga opposite Monghyr town. Prohibited Content 3. The total length of the river is 541 km and its catchment area is 25,820 sq km. The total length of the Ganga River from its source to its mouth (measured along the Hugli) is 2525 km, of which 310 km in Uttaranchal, 1,140 km in Uttar Pradesh, 445 km in Bihar and 520 km in West Bengal. The remaining 110 km stretch of the Ganga forms the boundary between Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The Kali River also rises in the high glaciers of snow covered region of the trans-Himalaya. These three streams contribute respectively 44%, 37% and 19% of the total water flow in the river. The Yamuna takes a southerly course upto Mathura and south-easterly in its onward journey upto Allahabad where it unites with the Ganga. Disclaimer 9. Almost all the tributaries join it on its right bank. It debouches into the plains at Tribeni and pours into the Ganga at Hajipur in Bihar after flowing for a distance of 425 km in India. It drains an area of 25,085 sq km. It used to cause devastating floods as a result of which it earned the dubious name of ‘Sorrow of Bengal’. Many small streams such as the Rishiganga, the Uma and the Hanuman Ganga join it in the mountains. After traversing 220 km further down in Bangladesh, the Brahmaputra (or the Jamuna as it is known here) joins it at Goalundo and after meeting Meghna 100 km downstream the Ganga joins the Bay of Bengal. This has resulted in frequent devastating floods and has converted over 10,000 sq km cultivable land into waste land in Bihar. Obviously it is a river of the trans-Himalayan origin and carries sufficient water. The total area of the Ganga basin in India is 861,404 sq km which accounts for 26.3 per cent of the geographical area of the country. The average annual flow is 52,200 million cubic metres. The Ganga is the most sacred river to Hindus. The Gandak which originates near the Tibet-Nepal border at a height of 7,620 m receives a large number of tributaries in Nepal Himalaya, the most outstanding being the Kali Gandak, the Mayangadi, the Bari and the Trishuli. The Ramganga River rises in the Garhwal district of Uttaranchal at an altitude of 3,110 m and enters the Ganga Plain near Kalagarh. In Bihar, the Ganga river has a total length of 445km. The Dhasan is its important tributary. After flowing through Bankura and Burdwan districts, it joins the Hugli 48 km below Kolkata. From here it flows in south and south-east direction for a distance of 770 km to reach Allahabad. One result is different ways to determine the river's length, its discharge, and the size of its drainage basin. The sources of seven streams of the Kosi are located in snow covered areas which also receive heavy rainfall. The Ghaghra River originates near the Gurla Mandhata peak, south of Manasarovar in Tibet. Thus the river is often termed as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar’. The total drainage area of the river is 86,900 sq km out of which 21,500 sq km lies in India. It is the third largest river in the world by discharge. The gorge is 96 km long and stretches upto Kota city. Before entering the Bay of Bengal, the Ganga, along with Brahmputra, forms the largest delta of the world between two arms: the Bhagirathi / Hugli and the Padma / Meghna covering an area of 58,752 sq km. It has a total catchment area of 71,259 sq km in which there are wide fluctuations of water flow changing with the change of season. It first flows south-east and then south-southwest cutting across the Great Himalaya through a succession of steep defiles. But before Devaprayag it reached, the Pindar, the Mandakini, the Dhauliganga and the Bishenganga rivers pour into the Alaknanda and the Bheling flows into the Bhagirathi. The Damodar River rises in the hills of the Chotanagpur plateau and flows through a rift valley. After completing a journey of about 300 km in the plain area, it is joined by the 256 km long Hindon in Uttar Pradesh. The Pindar River rising from Nanda Devi and East Trisul (6,803 m) joins Alaknanda at Karan Prayag and Mandakini or Kali Ganga meets at Rudra Prayag. Also, it has a catchment area of 5473km 2 . Privacy Policy 8. At this site, the water carried by the Tons is twice the water carried by the Yamuna. This basin is shared by ten states. It joins the Ganga at Kannauj after traversing a distance of 596 km. The Chambal raises 15 km south-west of Mhow in the highlands of Janapao Hills (700 m) in the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh and takes a north-westerly course through the Malwa Plateau. Below this point it takes a south-easterly course and joins the Ghaghara. Major left-bank tributaries include Gomti River, Ghaghara River, Gandaki river, and Kosi river; major right-bank tributaries include Yamuna river, Son river, Punpun and Damodar.The hydrology of the Ganges River is very complicated, especially in the Ganges Delta region. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The Khoh, the Gangan, the Aril, the Kosi, and the Deoha (Gorra) are important tributaries which join the Ramganga. A major part of the delta is a low- lying swamp which is flooded by marine water during high tide. This system drains a very large area comprising the middle part of the Himalayas in the north, the northern part of the Indian Plateau in the south and the Ganga Plain in-between. These two streams meet again in Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh. Near Rajmahal Hills it turns to the south­east and south of Farraka, it ceases to be known as the Ganga. It’s important tributaries are the Sarda, the Sarju on the bank of which Ayodhya is located and the Rapti. Its average annual flow is 94,000 million cubic metre. Coming out of the Saptakosi region, the streams flow in south-west direction. These are the Chambal, the Sind, the Betwa and the Ken. Soon after debouching onto the plain the river becomes sluggish and large scale deposition of eroded material takes place. Arun is the main stream which rises to the north of Gosainthan. Report a Violation, River Systems of India: 4 Groups With Statistics, Brahmaputra River: Notes on Brahmaputra River System in India, Near Gurla Mandhota peak south of Manasarovar. Its basin covers 32,493 sq km. It originates from the Yamnotri glacier on the Bandarpunch Peak in Garhwal in Uttaranchal at an elevation of 6,330 m, a source which is very close to that of the Ganga itself. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. The major tributaries of this category apart from the Yamuna are the Ramganga, the Gomati, the Ghaghra, the Gandak, the Burhi Gandak, the Bagmati, and the Kosi. The Sind originates in Vidisha Plateau of Madhya Pradesh at an elevation of 543 m. It flows for a distance of 415 km before it joins the Yamuna. The Betwa rises at an elevation of 470 m in Bhopal district and joins the Yamuna near Hamirpur. Content Filtrations 6. These streams flow through a large part of eastern Nepal which is known as the Sapt Kaushik region. It then enters a gorge at Chaurasigarh, 312 km from its source. The total length of the Yamuna from its origin to its confluence with the Ganga at Allahabad is 1,376 km. The length of the Ganga is 2,510 km or 1,560 miles. Ganges: Notes on Ganga River System in India ! Here it is joined by the Yamuna which is its most important tributary. It joins the Ganga about 16 km upstream of Danapur in Patna district of Bihar after flowing for a distance of 784 km from its source.

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